COMPONENTS OF FOOD: Questions and Answers Chapter 2 for Class 6th (CBSE/NCERT)

Nutrients: Nutrients are the parts of food that provide energy and support growth. Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins, and minerals are the primary nutrients in meals. Dietary fibres and water are also categorised as nutrient addition to these.
Malnutrition: Malnutrition is the ill condition of the body brought on by a deficiency in one or more nutrients.
Obesity: The excessive accumulation of fat in a person’s body causes it to be too heavy and bulky.
Scurvy: Scurvy is a condition brought on by a vitamin C deficiency. Gum swelling and bleeding, loosening of the teeth, joint pain, and general weakness are all signs of scurvy.
Anaemia: Anaemia is caused by a lack of iron in the diet. An anaemic person will exhibit the following symptoms: 1. Paleness; 2. Ease of fatigue; 3. Appetite loss; and 4. Weight loss.
Rickets: Rickets is caused by a vitamin D deficiency. A person deficient in vitamin D will exhibit the following symptoms: i. Softening and weakening of children’s bones; ii. Twisted or bow-legged legs; and iii. Delayed growth.