Cyclamen persicum: Discovery, Classification, Origin, and Characteristics
The prominent species of the genus Cyclamen L., including garden flowers and indoor plants, are primarily distributed in the
Europe, the Mediterranean, Western Asia, and North Africa. Before its recent categorization as a member of the Primulaceae family, the seed stem’s spiraling habit or the spherical corms could imply the origin of the word “Cyclamen”
the circle-denoting Greek term “kyklaminos.”
All species of the genus Cyclamen have several traits in common that can be used to identify them as one phylogenetic group.
Their hypocotyls, for example,
Their corolla lobes are noticeably reflexed, and they are swelling
coiling fruiting pedicels and an established tuberous root
The Persian cyclamen, Cyclamen persicum, is a type of blooming herbaceous perennial plant that emerges from a tuber and is found in rocky hillsides, shrubland, and woodland up to 1,200 m (3,900 ft) above sea level, from south-central Turkey to Lebanon-Syria and the Palestinian territories.
Additionally, it can be seen growing in Algeria, Tunisia, and the Greek islands of Crete, Rhodes, and Karpathos, where it might have been brought by monks.
This species’ cultivars include the frequently encountered florist’s cyclamen.
The city of Bchamoun, which is situated on the western slopes of Mount Lebanon, is the site of the first discovery of the species Cyclamen persicum f. puniceum (Gleason) Grey-Wilson.
Species: C. persicum
Scientific name: Cyclamen persicum
Perennial flowering herbaceous plant adapted to the extremely dry and hot summer climate of the Mediterranean, growing from a tuber that is dormant throughout the dry summer months. Naive to shrub land, rocky hillsides, shaded by pine trees (very shade tolerant), and occasionally in full sun, Cyclamen persicum f. puniceum grows naturally (the leaves get smaller).
From the Mediterranean to Iran, cyclamen grows wild in the middle east (Good, 1964). This species typically grows in thicket associations, such as Quercus thaburensis/Styrax officinalis or Salvietwn trilobae/Aliwn subluruitwn, on steep slopes (Zohary, 1962).On rare occasions, C. persicwn is observed growing lithophytically right into rocks with unusually high field capacities.
A perennial herbaceous plant with a height of around 32 cm (13 in), Cyclamen persicum.Heart-shaped, fleshy leaves on wild plants can grow up to 14 cm (6 in) in length and are typically green with lighter patterns on the upper surface.
Puniceum-type Cyclamen persicum (Gleason)
Individual stalks for Grey-Wilson blooms range in length from 9 to 20 cm and contain five petals that are nearly erected on top.
The flowers have a crimson-magenta or deep pink zone at the base of each petal and range in colour from red to carmine.
The clumps consist of dark green leaves (4–9 cm) with serrated hearts that are purple underside and frequently have stunning silver patterns with marbling on the upper surface.
The plant’s brown, corky, flattened tuber, which can be up to 15 cm in diameter and gets rougher with age, is where the leaf stalks and thick (2 mm) diameter roots emerge from.base.
The underside of the leaf may be reddish or pale green.
The leaf margin is typically serrated and has a little thickening.
commencing in January (174 m) and lasting until the end of April(836 m)
The development of the cyclamen persicwn flower starts on the side of the radially synunetric branch apex, close to the axil of the sixth leaf (Sundberg, 1977).
Before flower initiation, the initially lateral apex of the growing shoot system has been moved to the center by substantial tissue proliferation at the base of the first leaves (Sundberg , 1977).
More quickly than the other leaves, the sixth and seventh leaves grow.
This might be connected to the initiation of the bloom (Sundberg, 1977).
As long as the plant continues to grow, flower primordia continue to develop in the terminal and adventitious leaf axils (Neuray, 1977). The pace of floral growth is constant from flower to flower and unaffected by the rates of corresponding underlying leaves (Sundberg, 1977).
Frequently Asked Questions
Question:Is Cyclamen Persicum an outdoor plant
Question: Is Cyclamen Persicum Hardy
Question: What is the lifespan of a cyclamen plant
And: 100 years
Question: What months do cyclamen flower
And: January to March