Forests our lifeline: Questions and Answers Chapter 8  for Class 7th  (CBSE/NCERT)

There are numerous ways to classify forests. The abiotic qualities of a region, such as its climate and soil, affect the type of forest there. Coniferous and broadleaved forests can be generically classified as forests in India. They can also be divided into groups according to the kind of trees they have, such as Mangroves, Xerophytes, Evergreen, Deciduous, or Thorn trees. They can also be divided into groups based on the most common tree species, such as Sal or Teak woods. A forest’s first three or four most prevalent tree species are frequently used as the name for the forest.
Coniferous forests: The Himalayan mountain range, where temperatures are low, supports coniferous woods. Tall, imposing trees in these forests have needle-like leaves and branches that slope downward to allow snow to slide off them.
Broad-leaved forests: There are various kinds of broad-leaved forests, including mangrove forests, thorn forests, deciduous forests, and evergreen forests. The majority of broad-leaved trees are situated in medium to lower latitudes and feature huge, diversely shaped leaves.
Evergreen forests: The Western Ghats, North Eastern India, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands all have high rainfall regions where evergreen forests can be found. These woods flourish in regions with lengthy monsoon seasons.
Deciduous forests: Regions with seasonal rainfall that is mild and only lasts a few months are where you’ll find deciduous woodlands. These kinds of woodlands predominate in areas where teak trees flourish. During the sweltering summer and winter seasons, deciduous trees lose their leaves.
Thorn forests: The semi-arid parts of India are home to thorn forests. The sparsely spaced-out trees are bordered by wide-open, grassy regions.
Mangrove forests: Along the shore, mangrove forests are particularly abundant in river deltas. These plants have a special adaptation that allows them to flourish in both freshwater and saltwater. They flourish in muddy, silt-covered places that the rivers have deposited. The breathing roots of the mangrove plants protrude from the mud banks.

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